He then embarked on a brutal campaign to take over all the other feudal states of China.
Anyone who disagreed with him was executed. To prevent the dissemination of dangerous ideas, in BC, he ordered the burning of all books, except those on farming, medicine or prophecy. Obsessed with the Taoist idea of immorality, he sent hundreds of magicians to search for the legendary Isles of the Blessed, where the inhabitants were said to live forever, while hundreds more were set to work concocting the elixir of life.
When they failed, he had of them executed. Fearful of assassination, he withdrew to a vast palace, one of many built by , men drafted in specially for the task. It is not known how many were pressed into service to build the Great Wall. The emperor was so seldom seen that the precise date of his death, around BC, cannot be determined. He was buried in a giant grave in a mountain, guarded by 6, terracotta warriors. The China he united, however, is still in existence 22 centuries later. This gave the whole family Roman citizenship. Antipater made his year-old son governor of Galilee, where Herod launched an unpopular campaign against local bandits.
Herod managed to convince Mark Antony that the eastern provinces had supported him against Cassius and Brutus and was rewarded by being appointed tetrarch of Galilee, while his brother Phasael became tetrarch of Jerusalem.
In Rome, Herod managed to secure the backing of the Senate and in 36 BC he rode back into Palestine at the head of a Roman army and besieged and captured Jerusalem. The enemy fled into the hills and found shelter in caves. Herod pursued them, slaughtering men, women and children. Herod persuaded the Parthians to release Hyrancus, but refused to give him back his throne.
Instead Herod took the crown, using the presence of the old monarch to buttress his rule. He began an extensive building programme and minted coins with his likeness on them. Herod was almost undone through his support for Antony and Cleopatra in their struggle against Octavian, but he quickly changed sides when it became plain he was backing a loser.asavwiltane.cf
Tyrants: History's Most Evil Despots & Dictators - Nigel Cawthorne - Google книги
In a brilliant speech, Herod boasted of his loyalty to Mark Antony, then pledged the same to the new ruler of Rome. His audacity paid off and Octavian confirmed him as King of Judaea, it being clear that Herod would be a useful ally if Octavian had to pursue Antony and Cleopatra into Egypt.
Herod ruled unchallenged in Judaea for thirty-two years. He rebuilt Jerusalem after an earthquake in 31 BC, built new fortresses to hold his territory and built a new port called Caesarea in honour of Augustus. The taxes he needed to raise to do this made him extremely unpopular.
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The old royal houses who he had deposed opposed him and the Pharisees condemned him for repeated violations of Mosaic Law. He was seen as a puppet of Augustus, who had offended the Jews by ordering that the priest of the Temple make sacrifices twice a day for Rome and the Senate. The Jews also believed that Herod, a pagan, was violating their graves and stealing gold objects from the tomb of King David. To hold on to power he employed mercenaries and a secret police.
He also married ten times for political reasons. As time went by, Herod became increasingly mentally unstable. He murdered his second wife Mariamme, her two sons and her entire family, fearing that they were plotting against him. In 8 BC, the monastery at Qumran, the home of the Essene sect, was destroyed by a fire thought to have been started by Herod: he also. This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue? Upload Sign In Join.
Home Books History. Save For Later. Create a List. Summary An astonishing compendium of dictators and their crimes against the State. Read on the Scribd mobile app Download the free Scribd mobile app to read anytime, anywhere. Book Preview Tyrants - Nigel Cawthorne. Start your free 30 days. Page 1 of 1. Close Dialog Are you sure? Also remove everything in this list from your library.
Tyrants: History's 100 Most Evil Despots & Dictators
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